14 points signed as Part II of Union Accord
14 points approved by the Third Session of the Union Peace Conference-21st Century Panglong were signed as a Part II of the Union Accord. Following are the 14 points, and signatures of the leaders of the respective groups and witnesses.
Union Accord Part II
1. Aiming toward non-disintegration of the Union, non-disintegration of national solidarity and perpetuation of sovereignty, based on freedom, equality and justice and in accordance with the Panglong spirit, the Third Session of the Union Peace Conference-21st Century Panglong was held in Nay Pyi Taw from 11 to 16 July 2018 to establish a Union based on democracy and federal system that assures democracy, national equality and self-determination rights, founded according to the outcomes of the political discussions.
2. At this conference, sector-wise and group-wise meetings were conducted in stages on policy proposals submitted by Union Peace Dialogue Joint Committee (UPDJC) and the proposals obtained were agreed as Part II of the Union Accord.
3. The Part II of the Union Accord signed at this conference and all other agreed sections obtained at the subsequent conferences will be compiled and signed as Union Accord.
4. The Union Accord Part II signed in this conference are –
(a) Four agreements in political sector basic principle
(b) One agreement in economic sector basic principle
(c) Seven agreements in social sector basic principle
(d) Two agreements in land & environment sector basic principle totaling fourteen which are shown in addenda (a), (b), (c) and (d).
5. The above agreements are signed by heads of each group at the Third Session of the Union Peace Conference-21st Century Panglong and witnessed as Union Accord Part II, according to Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement Section 20 (e).
Political sector basic principle agreement
(16 July 2018) Gender equality
1. In establishing a Union based on democracy and federal system, no citizen of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar must be treated differently based on gender difference and policy must be established for equality.
2. A minimum of 30 percent involvement of women in each sector is to be encouraged.
3. In establishing a Union based on democracy and federal system, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar is to establish and implement policies that prevent gender- based violence.
4. Increase the capability of women to support gender equality.
Economic sector basic principle agreement
(16 July 2018)
Region/State governments have the right to draw up and implement economic projects that benefit the people. In drawing up the projects, it is to be in accord with the Union economic development policies and projects, and consideration must be made toward not adversely affect the adjacent states and regions.
Social sector basic principle agreement
(16 July 2018)
1. In the decision-making stages of conducting resettlement, redevelopment and social development matters, attempts must be made towards having women participation of at least 30 per cent.
2. Establish an education system that is accessible by all and is all-inclusive.
3. Establish a universal health coverage system that is accessible by all and is all-inclusive.
4. Enact laws that provide rights of the handicapped persons, children, elders, expecting mothers.
5. To widely consider and include the concept of social cohesion in conducting social development matters.
6. Establish and conduct effective policies against harm reduction, treatment and reintegration of drugs and psychotropic substances usage.
7. Set up and conduct programs to ensure children’s rights, abide by the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child for all-round development of children and eliminate Six Grave Violations against children.
Land and environment sector basic principle agreement
(16 July 2018)
1. Only citizens can own land in the country, and foreigners and illegal settlers must not own it directly or indirectly.
2. In conducting and implementing land-use project work, assessments must be made not to damage the natural environment, not to have social effect, not to have health effect and to conduct coordination work with the local people.